It is a pyschology term paper which discusses do’s and don’ts of critical thinking process. Critical thinking is the creation of a mixture of a set of mutually dependent cognitive skills, and a firm dedication to a group of governing attitudes that enable us to use numerous informations and methods to make logical and objective decisions. Critical thinking is at the very core of the study of psychology and its development is an essential part of an individual in order to get on in psychology. The ability to think critically enables people to expand the limitations of knowledge, develop established ideals, learn to distinguish between valuable and trifling information, and obtain the competence and perspective necessary to understand and shape the world around them. A model of certain skills was made which are required in order to obtain critical thinking; one should be able to remember specific information. One should be able to answer who, what, where and when questions, and one should remember facts, principles and steps in sequences. Critical thinkers are able to solve real life problems; they can use psychological principles and methods to change behaviors and mental processes.
Critical thinking consists of mental processes of judgment, investigation and assessment. It includes possible processes of reflecting upon a tangible or insubstantial item to form a strong judgment that brings together scientific evidence with common sense. In existing usage “critical” has a certain negative implication that does not apply today. But the term “analytical thinking” seems to convey the idea more accurately; critical thinking clearly involves creation, assessment, and rebuilding of thinking, in addition to analysis. Information is gathered from all senses in Critical thinking, spoken and/or black and white expressions, examination, experience and analysis. Critical thinking has its basis in intellectual criteria that go beyond subject-matter divisions.
Critical thinking is actually judgment, specifically purposeful and thoughtful judgment. Using critical thinking one decides the problem that what he has to believe or what to, and it is done in an insightful way. Critical thinking gives due deliberation to the evidence, the context of judgment, the relevant criteria for making that judgment well, the applicable methods or method for forming that judgment, and the applicable theoretical constructs for accepting the nature of the difficulty and the question at hand. These elements also happen to be the key defining distinctiveness of professional fields and academic disciplines. This is why critical thinking can occur within a given subject field and across subject fields in all those spaces where human beings need to interact and make decisions, solve problems, and figure out what to believe and what to do.
According to publised studies and term papers, within the structure of scientific cynicism, the process of critical thinking involves obtaining information and assessing it to attain a logical answer. Part of critical thinking includes informal logic; a large part of critical thinking goes beyond informal logic and includes assessment of beliefs and identification of prejudice, bias, propaganda, self-deception, distortion, misinformation, etc. Given research in cognitive psychology, some educators believe that schools should focus more on teaching their students critical thinking skills, intellectual standards, and cultivating intellectual traits than on memorizing facts by rote learning.